We present the average [C II] 158 μm emission line sizes of UV-bright star-forming galaxies at z ~ 7. Our results are derived from a stacking analysis of [C II] 158 μm emission lines and dust continua observed by the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), taking advantage of the large program Reionization Era Bright Emission Line Survey. We find that the average [C II] emission at z ~ 7 has an effective radius re of 2.2 ± 0.2 kpc. It is ≥2× larger than the dust continuum and the rest-frame UV emission, in agreement with recently reported measurements for z ≤ 6 galaxies. Additionally, we compared the average [C II] size with 4 < z < 6 galaxies observed by the ALMA Large Program to INvestigate [C II] at Early times (ALPINE). By analyzing [C II] sizes of 4 < z < 6 galaxies in two redshift bins, we find an average [C II] size of re = 2.2 ± 0.2 kpc and re = 2.5 ± 0.2 kpc for z ~ 5.5 and z ~ 4.5 galaxies, respectively. These measurements show that star-forming galaxies, on average, show no evolution in the size of the [C II] 158 μm emitting regions at redshift between z ~ 7 and z ~ 4. This finding suggests that the star-forming galaxies could be morphologically dominated by gas over a wide redshift range.

The ALMA REBELS Survey : Average [CII] 158μm Sizes of Star-forming Galaxies from z~7 to z~4

Oesch P. A.;Dayal P.;Ferrara A.;Graziani L.;Pallottini A.;Pizzati E.;Schneider R.;Sommovigo L.;Bethermin M.;Pozzi F.;
2022

Abstract

We present the average [C II] 158 μm emission line sizes of UV-bright star-forming galaxies at z ~ 7. Our results are derived from a stacking analysis of [C II] 158 μm emission lines and dust continua observed by the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), taking advantage of the large program Reionization Era Bright Emission Line Survey. We find that the average [C II] emission at z ~ 7 has an effective radius re of 2.2 ± 0.2 kpc. It is ≥2× larger than the dust continuum and the rest-frame UV emission, in agreement with recently reported measurements for z ≤ 6 galaxies. Additionally, we compared the average [C II] size with 4 < z < 6 galaxies observed by the ALMA Large Program to INvestigate [C II] at Early times (ALPINE). By analyzing [C II] sizes of 4 < z < 6 galaxies in two redshift bins, we find an average [C II] size of re = 2.2 ± 0.2 kpc and re = 2.5 ± 0.2 kpc for z ~ 5.5 and z ~ 4.5 galaxies, respectively. These measurements show that star-forming galaxies, on average, show no evolution in the size of the [C II] 158 μm emitting regions at redshift between z ~ 7 and z ~ 4. This finding suggests that the star-forming galaxies could be morphologically dominated by gas over a wide redshift range.
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/125163
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