We present a computational study of static and dynamic linear polarizabilities in solution. We use different theoretical approaches to describe solvent effects, ranging from quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) to quantum embedding approaches. In particular, we consider non-polarizable and polarizable QM/MM methods, the latter based on the fluctuating charge (FQ) force field. In addition, we use a quantum embedding method defined in the context of multilevel Hartree-Fock (MLHF), where the system is divided into active and inactive regions, and combine it with a third layer described by means of the FQ model. The multiscale approaches are then used as reference wave functions for equation-of-motion coupled cluster (EOM-CC) response properties, allowing for the account of electron correlation. The developed models are applied to the calculation of linear response properties of two organic moieties—namely, para-nitroaniline and benzonitrile—in non-aqueous solvents—1,4-dioxane, acetonitrile, and tetrahydrofuran. The computed polarizabilities are then discussed in terms of the physico-chemical solute-solvent interactions described by each method (electrostatic, polarization and Pauli repulsion), and finally compared with the available experimental references.

Linear response properties of solvated systems: a computational study

Tommaso Giovannini
2022

Abstract

We present a computational study of static and dynamic linear polarizabilities in solution. We use different theoretical approaches to describe solvent effects, ranging from quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) to quantum embedding approaches. In particular, we consider non-polarizable and polarizable QM/MM methods, the latter based on the fluctuating charge (FQ) force field. In addition, we use a quantum embedding method defined in the context of multilevel Hartree-Fock (MLHF), where the system is divided into active and inactive regions, and combine it with a third layer described by means of the FQ model. The multiscale approaches are then used as reference wave functions for equation-of-motion coupled cluster (EOM-CC) response properties, allowing for the account of electron correlation. The developed models are applied to the calculation of linear response properties of two organic moieties—namely, para-nitroaniline and benzonitrile—in non-aqueous solvents—1,4-dioxane, acetonitrile, and tetrahydrofuran. The computed polarizabilities are then discussed in terms of the physico-chemical solute-solvent interactions described by each method (electrostatic, polarization and Pauli repulsion), and finally compared with the available experimental references.
2022
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
Nonlinear-optical-properties; frequency-dependent polarizabilities; coupled-cluster calculations; density-functional-theory; self-consistent-field; ab-initio; molecular-properties; chiroptical properties; electronic-spectra
   Training network for COmputational Spectroscopy In Natural sciences and Engineering
   COSINE
   European Commission
   Horizon 2020 Framework Programme
   765739
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/130722
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