We present new ALMA Band 8 (rest-frame 90 μm) continuum observations of three massive (M⋆ ≈ 1010 M⊙) galaxies at z ≈ 7 previously detected in [C II]158 μm and underlying dust continuum emission in the Reionization Era Bright Emission Line Survey (REBELS). We detect dust emission from two of our targets in Band 8 (REBELS-25 and REBELS-38), while REBELS-12 remains undetected. Through optically thin modified blackbody fitting, we determine dust temperatures of Tdust ≈ 30 − 35 K in both of the dual-band detected targets, indicating they are colder than most known galaxies at z ∼ 7. Moreover, their inferred dust masses are large (Mdust ≈ 108 M⊙), albeit still consistent with models of high-redshift dust production. We furthermore target and detect [O III]88 μm emission in both REBELS-12 and REBELS-25, and find L[O III]/L[C II] ≈ 1 − 1.5 – low compared to the L[O III]/L[C II] ≳ 2 − 10 observed in the known z ≳ 6 population thus far. We argue the lower line ratios are due to a comparatively weaker ionizing radiation field resulting from the less starbursty nature of our targets, although the possibility of REBELS-12 being a merger of an [O III]-bright and [O III]-faint component prevents the unambiguous interpretation of its [O III]/[C II] ratio. Nevertheless, a low burstiness forms a natural explanation for the cold dust temperatures and low [O III]λλ4959, 5007 + Hβ equivalent widths of REBELS-25 and REBELS-38. Overall, these observations provide evidence for the existence of a massive, dust-rich galaxy population at z ≈ 7 which has previously experienced vigorous star formation, but is currently forming stars in a steady, as opposed to bursty, manner.

Cold dust and low [O iii]/[C ii] ratios: an evolved star-forming population at redshift 7

Sommovigo, Laura;Ferrara, Andrea;Pallottini, Andrea;
2024

Abstract

We present new ALMA Band 8 (rest-frame 90 μm) continuum observations of three massive (M⋆ ≈ 1010 M⊙) galaxies at z ≈ 7 previously detected in [C II]158 μm and underlying dust continuum emission in the Reionization Era Bright Emission Line Survey (REBELS). We detect dust emission from two of our targets in Band 8 (REBELS-25 and REBELS-38), while REBELS-12 remains undetected. Through optically thin modified blackbody fitting, we determine dust temperatures of Tdust ≈ 30 − 35 K in both of the dual-band detected targets, indicating they are colder than most known galaxies at z ∼ 7. Moreover, their inferred dust masses are large (Mdust ≈ 108 M⊙), albeit still consistent with models of high-redshift dust production. We furthermore target and detect [O III]88 μm emission in both REBELS-12 and REBELS-25, and find L[O III]/L[C II] ≈ 1 − 1.5 – low compared to the L[O III]/L[C II] ≳ 2 − 10 observed in the known z ≳ 6 population thus far. We argue the lower line ratios are due to a comparatively weaker ionizing radiation field resulting from the less starbursty nature of our targets, although the possibility of REBELS-12 being a merger of an [O III]-bright and [O III]-faint component prevents the unambiguous interpretation of its [O III]/[C II] ratio. Nevertheless, a low burstiness forms a natural explanation for the cold dust temperatures and low [O III]λλ4959, 5007 + Hβ equivalent widths of REBELS-25 and REBELS-38. Overall, these observations provide evidence for the existence of a massive, dust-rich galaxy population at z ≈ 7 which has previously experienced vigorous star formation, but is currently forming stars in a steady, as opposed to bursty, manner.
2024
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica
galaxies: evolution; galaxies: high-redshift; submillimeter: galaxies
   The origin of cosmic dust in galaxies
   DustOrigin
   European Commission
   Horizon 2020 Framework Programme
   851622

   Dissecting galaxies at the cosmic dawn
   UK Research and Innovation
   STFC
   ST/S004831/1
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/135242
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