Recent detections of Lyman alpha (Lyα) emission from z > 7.5 galaxies were somewhat unexpected given a dearth of previous non-detections in this era when the intergalactic medium (IGM) is still highly neutral. But these detections were from UV bright galaxies, which preferentially live in overdensities that reionize early, and have significantly Doppler-shifted Lyα line profiles emerging from their interstellar media (ISM), making them less affected by the global IGM state. Using a combination of reionization simulations and empirical ISM models we show, as a result of these two effects, that UV bright galaxies in overdensities have >2× higher transmission through the z ∼ 7 IGM than typical field galaxies, and that this boosted transmission is enhanced as the neutral fraction increases. The boosted transmission is not sufficient to explain the observed high Lyα fraction of M uv ≲ -22 galaxies, suggesting that Lyα emitted by these galaxies must be stronger than expected due to enhanced production and/or selection effects. Despite the bias of UV bright galaxies to reside in overdensities we show Lyα observations of such galaxies can accurately measure the global neutral hydrogen fraction, particularly when Lyα from UV faint galaxies is extinguished, making them ideal candidates for spectroscopic follow-up into the cosmic Dark Ages.

Beacons into the Cosmic Dark Ages: Boosted Transmission of Lyα from UV Bright Galaxies at z 7

Treu, Tommaso;Dijkstra, Mark;Fontana, Adriano;Mesinger, Andrei;Pentericci, Laura;TRENTI, Michele;Vanzella, Eros
2018-01-01

Abstract

Recent detections of Lyman alpha (Lyα) emission from z > 7.5 galaxies were somewhat unexpected given a dearth of previous non-detections in this era when the intergalactic medium (IGM) is still highly neutral. But these detections were from UV bright galaxies, which preferentially live in overdensities that reionize early, and have significantly Doppler-shifted Lyα line profiles emerging from their interstellar media (ISM), making them less affected by the global IGM state. Using a combination of reionization simulations and empirical ISM models we show, as a result of these two effects, that UV bright galaxies in overdensities have >2× higher transmission through the z ∼ 7 IGM than typical field galaxies, and that this boosted transmission is enhanced as the neutral fraction increases. The boosted transmission is not sufficient to explain the observed high Lyα fraction of M uv ≲ -22 galaxies, suggesting that Lyα emitted by these galaxies must be stronger than expected due to enhanced production and/or selection effects. Despite the bias of UV bright galaxies to reside in overdensities we show Lyα observations of such galaxies can accurately measure the global neutral hydrogen fraction, particularly when Lyα from UV faint galaxies is extinguished, making them ideal candidates for spectroscopic follow-up into the cosmic Dark Ages.
dark ages, reionization, first stars; galaxies: evolution; galaxies: high-redshift; intergalactic medium; Astronomy and Astrophysics; Space and Planetary Science
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/77890
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 53
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 50
social impact