In this paper, we provide a systematic analysis of glyoxal (1) formation from a range of monosaccharides and related compounds, to determine their potential role as sources of this alpha-oxoaldehyde in vivo. Substrates were reacted with the Fenton reagent (Fe2+/EDTA/H2O2) and the mixtures were analyzed by HPLC using the 6-hydroxy-2,4,5-triaminopyrimidine fluorimetric assay. The rank order of hexoses and their derivatives as glyoxal sources was found to be fructose > glucose = mannose = galactose > glucose-6-phosphate > mannitol. Within the pentose group, arabinose and ribose gave the higher yields of I followed by deoxyribose and its adenine N-glycosides and ribulose. Among the tested substrates, three-carbon compounds, that is, trioses and glycerol, but not glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate, were by far the most effective sources of 1. The effects of H2O2 and Fe2+/EDTA concentrations as well as of other metal ions were also investigated.

Glyoxal formation by Fenton-induced degradation of carbohydrates and related compounds

D'ISCHIA, MARCO
2006

Abstract

In this paper, we provide a systematic analysis of glyoxal (1) formation from a range of monosaccharides and related compounds, to determine their potential role as sources of this alpha-oxoaldehyde in vivo. Substrates were reacted with the Fenton reagent (Fe2+/EDTA/H2O2) and the mixtures were analyzed by HPLC using the 6-hydroxy-2,4,5-triaminopyrimidine fluorimetric assay. The rank order of hexoses and their derivatives as glyoxal sources was found to be fructose > glucose = mannose = galactose > glucose-6-phosphate > mannitol. Within the pentose group, arabinose and ribose gave the higher yields of I followed by deoxyribose and its adenine N-glycosides and ribulose. Among the tested substrates, three-carbon compounds, that is, trioses and glycerol, but not glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate, were by far the most effective sources of 1. The effects of H2O2 and Fe2+/EDTA concentrations as well as of other metal ions were also investigated.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/84291
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