Quasars powered by supermassive black holes (MBH, $>10^8~M_{\odot}$) at $z\sim 6$ are predicted to reside in cosmic over-dense regions. However, observations so far could not confirm this expectation due to limited statistics. The picture is further complicated by the possible effects of quasar outflows (i.e. feedback) that could either suppress or stimulate the star formation rate (SFR) of companion galaxies, thus modifying the expected bias. Here we quantify feedback effects on the properties and detectability of companions by comparing cosmological zoom-in simulations of a quasar in which feedback is either included or turned-off. With respect to the no-feedback case, companions (a) directly impacted by the outflow have their SFR increased by a factor $2-3$, and (b) tend to be more massive. Both effects shift the [CII]158$\mu$m and UV luminosity functions toward brighter magnitudes. This leads us to conclude that quasar feedback slightly increases the effective quasar bias, boosting the number density of observable quasar companions, in agreement with what has been found around the brightest quasars of recent ALMA [CII] surveys. Deeper observations performed with JWST and/or ALMA will improve the statistical significance of this result by detecting a larger number of fainter quasar companions.

Enhanced star formation in z ∼ 6 quasar companions

Tommaso Zana
;
Simona Gallerani;Stefano Carniani;Fabio Vito;Andrea Ferrara;Alessandro Lupi;Fabio Di Mascia;Paramita Barai
2022-01-01

Abstract

Quasars powered by supermassive black holes (MBH, $>10^8~M_{\odot}$) at $z\sim 6$ are predicted to reside in cosmic over-dense regions. However, observations so far could not confirm this expectation due to limited statistics. The picture is further complicated by the possible effects of quasar outflows (i.e. feedback) that could either suppress or stimulate the star formation rate (SFR) of companion galaxies, thus modifying the expected bias. Here we quantify feedback effects on the properties and detectability of companions by comparing cosmological zoom-in simulations of a quasar in which feedback is either included or turned-off. With respect to the no-feedback case, companions (a) directly impacted by the outflow have their SFR increased by a factor $2-3$, and (b) tend to be more massive. Both effects shift the [CII]158$\mu$m and UV luminosity functions toward brighter magnitudes. This leads us to conclude that quasar feedback slightly increases the effective quasar bias, boosting the number density of observable quasar companions, in agreement with what has been found around the brightest quasars of recent ALMA [CII] surveys. Deeper observations performed with JWST and/or ALMA will improve the statistical significance of this result by detecting a larger number of fainter quasar companions.
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica
astro-ph.GA; astro-ph.GA
Horizon 2020
INTER- STELLAR H2020/740120
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/126386
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